Things to Consider
- South Georgia is VERY remote - 1,390 km/ 864 miles from its nearest neighbour
- You can’t fly there as there’s no airstrip, the island is only accessible by boat. The nearest airport is on The Falklands
- There’s no hotel accommodation ashore, which is why people visit by expedition ship or yacht
- Large cruise ships aren’t allowed - small expedition ships carrying around 100 people are the norm
- The visitor season is limited to November - March only, with seasonal nuances in weather, wildlife and light conditions
For a small rocky island at the bottom of the world, South Georgia punches way above its diminutive size when it comes to wildlife. South Georgia is the world’s most important penguin and seabird breeding area. This is THE PLACE to go to experience the greatest density of wildlife on the planet.
- Total of 7 million penguins across 6 species
- 2 million Antarctic fur seals - 95% of the world's population
- 50% of the world’s population of southern elephant seals
- 250,000 albatrosses of a variety of species
With majestic scenery and spectacular wildlife providing visual and sensory overload at every turn, South Georgia is naturally a mecca for photographers.
Best of all, far from bolting in the opposite direction, most of the animals are largely unperturbed by the arrival of gortex-clad and camera toting humans, if not only too willing to strike a pose. Pack plenty of memory cards!
Scenically South Georgia is spectacularly picturesque. A dragon’s spine of majestic snow-capped mountains rising to over 9,000ft/ 2,745m dominates the island, encircled by pristine beaches, rocky fjords and emerald green bays.
It's a wild, rugged, untamed, treeless landscape - a feeling only accentuated by the island having no permanent inhabitants.
Penguins are unquestionably the ‘poster boys’ of South Georgia and unsurprisingly with a total population of +7 million individual birds. Up to 6 different penguin species can be found on South Georgia, primarily macaroni, king and gentoo:
- Macaroni: 3,000,000 pairs
- King: 500,000 pairs
- Gentoo: 105,000 pairs
Chinstraps, Adelie and rockhopper are found in far fewer numbers on South Georgia.
The history of this small island is no less intoxicating than the wildlife and scenery, steeped as it is in the history of both Antarctic exploration and the earlier sealers and whalers.
South Georgia appeared on maps with the first sighting in 1675 by London merchant Antoine de la Roche. Then in 1775 Captain James Cook circumnavigated the island and made the first landing, claiming the territory for Great Britain, thereby beginning a long relationship which continues to this day.
Passing observations made in Cook’s reports of significant numbers of fur and elephant seals attracted the unwanted attentions of 18th-century sealers who triggered the first bloody chapter in the island’s history. By the 1830’s the fur seal population had been decimated almost to the point of collapse, leading to the decline of the unchecked sealing industry itself.
This wasn’t the last time though that South Georgia’s natural bounty would fall foul to commercial gain. The establishment of the first land-based whaling station at Grytviken in 1904 provided whalers with their first toe-hold on the island, after which operations expanded with further stations, and it became a base for whaling operations.
Fuelled by Europe’s growing appetite for the oils that whales could provide - mostly for margarine and soap - the whalers headed south. It's estimated the subsequent bonanza over six decades led to approx.1.6 million whales being killed in the Southern Ocean. It wasn’t until 1965 that the whaling stations doors were finally closed for ever and left to decay.
Most Popular South Georgia Cruises
With a good choice of departure dates through the season across two medium-sized sister ships, this 19-day or 20-day trip stands out for its value for money, bonus inclusion of the little visited South Orkney Islands in the trip itinerary…
Looking for an Antarctic adventure without compromising on comfort and service? Look no further. Benefitting from a $10 million refurbishment, this stylish 110-passenger ship, with its cavernous suites, fine dining and compelling itinerary, offers a very polished Southern Ocean adventure,…
Alongside the obvious highlights of the destinations themselves, we like this voyage for this ship’s renowned stability - ensuring more comfortable sea days - and for having only 96 passengers aboard. Combined with a sizeable expeditionary staff and an extensive…
For a truly epic Christmas adventure, look no further. This is the only Southern Ocean voyage available to offer timesaving flights - avoiding the Drake Passage - at both the beginning and end. Plus, you’re travelling on an outstanding ship…
Searching for a South Georgia only focused voyage with extended time exploring this incredible ‘wildlife mecca'? This is one of only two voyages to do so. Scheduled flights Chile/Falklands return minimise travel and maximise time on the…
Whether your interest is wildlife, history or scenery, South Georgia delivers each in spades. Put simply, there a very few other places on the planet with the same Wow factor.
South Georgia Island: Your Questions Answered
As South Georgia doesn’t have an airport, you have only 2 choices:
- Cruise from Ushuaia, Argentina located on the southern tip of South America, typically via The Falklands. This is the most common route.
- Fly from Punta Arenas, Chile to The Falklands Islands. From there it's a 2 day crossing by ship to get to South Georgia.
The visitor season runs from late October to end March. There isn’t a ‘best time’ to visit as such, there’s always huge amounts of wildlife and the weather is changeable. November and March are chillier, but the softer light is favourable for photographers. Keen birders should be aware that Prion Island is only accessible from 7th January each year.
More about South Georgia
Getting to South Georgia
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The statistics alone simply can’t do justice to how extraordinary the wildlife of South Georgia is. At the height of the breeding season there are said to be more wildlife per…
South Georgia Luxury Cruises
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South Georgia Cruises
For sheer density of wildlife, majestic scenery, riveting history and remoteness, South Georgia is hard to beat in every single one of these categories. It’s one of the least visited places on earth, however the time and effort invested to get there is paid off with rich dividends.